Shanghai (wuch1236-1)

Dialect: Shanghai

Zee, Eric;Xu, Liejiong. Shanghai. 2003. hh:s:ZeeXu:Shanghai

Consonants (25)

p t k kʷʰ ʔ
tsʰ ts tɕʰ
f s ɕ
m n ȵ ŋ
j w h
l

Vowels (9)

i y u
ɤ o
ɛ œ ɔ
a

Diphthongs (4)

i̯a i̯ɤ i̯ɔ
ei̯

Syllabic consonants (2)

ŋ̩

Tones (5)

˥˩ ˦˥˩ ˧˥˩ ˩˥˩ ˩˨

Notes

˥˩ > ˥˩ / monosyllables

˥˩ > ˥+˩ / disyllables

˥˩ > ˥+˧+˩ / trisyllables

˥˩ > ˥+˧↑+˧↓+˩ / tetrasyllables

˥˩ > ˥+˦+˧+˨+˩ / pentasyllables

˧˥˩ > ˧˦ / monosyllables

˧˦˩ > ˧+˦ / disyllables

˧˦˩ > ˧+˥+˩ / trisyllables

˧˥˩ > ˧+˥+˧+˩ / tetrasyllables

˧˥˩ > ˧+˥+˧↑+˧↓+˩ / pentasyllables

˩˥˩ > ˩˧ / monosyllables

˩˥˩ > ˩+˧ / disyllables

˩˥˩ > ˩+˥+˩ / trisyllables

˩˥˩ > ˩+˥+˧+˩ / tetrasyllables

˩˥˩ > ˩+˥+˧↑+˧↓+˩ / pentasyllables

˦˥˩ > ˥ˀ / monosyllables

˦˥˩ > ˦+˥ / disyllables

˦˥˩ > ˦+˥+˩ / trisyllables

˦˥˩ > ˦+˥+˧+˩ / tetrasyllables

˦˥˩ > ˦+˥+˧↑+˧↓+˩ / pentasyllables

˩˨ > ˩˨ˀ / monosyllables

˩˨ > ˩+˩˨ ~ ˩+˧ / disyllables

˩˨ > ˩+˩+˩˨ ~ ˩+˥+˩ / trisyllables

˩˨ > ˩+˩+˩+˩˨ ~ ˩+˥+˧+˩ / tetrasyllables

˩˨ > ˩+˩+˩+˩+˩˨ ~ ˩+˥+˧↑+˧↓+˩ / pentasyllables

Allophonic rules