Ubykh (ubyk1235-1)

Colarusso, John. A North West Caucasian Reader. 1999.

Consonants (81)

pˤʼ p b t d tʷʼ c ɟ kʷʼ qˤʼ q qʲʼ qʷˤ qʷˤʼ qʷʼ
ts ts̺ tsʼ ts̺ʼ dz dz̺ tsʷ tsʷʼ dzʷ tʂʼ tʆʼ
f s z ʂ ʐ ʆ ʓ ʃʷ ʒʷ ç ʝ çʷ χˤ χ ʁˤ ʁ χʲ ʁʲ χʷˤ χʷ ʁʷˤ ʁʷ
ɬʼ ɮ
m n
j w h
l
r

Vowels (3)

ɨ
ɜ
a

Notes

IPHON transcribes NWC vowels narrowly - they're higher than the conventional symbols /a ə/ indicate.

Stress is unpredictable.

Allophonic rules