Zoulei (aoua1234-1)

Li, Xia; Li, Jinfang; Luo, Yongxian. A Grammar of Zoulei (Southwest China). 2014. hh:g:Li:Zoulei

Consonants (33)

p t d k q ʔ
tsʰ ts ({tɕʰ}) ({tɕ})
({f}) v s z ɕ ʑ (x) ɣ χ ʁ
(ɬ)
m n ŋ
j w h
l ɭ

Vowels (7)

(ɿ)
i u
(ə)
ɛ ɔ
a

Diphthongs (20)

i̯a i̯au̯ ie̯ i̯əɯ̯ i̯ɔ iu̯ u̯a u̯ai̯ u̯au̯ u̯ei̯ u̯əɯ̯ ui̯ {u̯o}
ei̯ əu̯ əɯ̯ ɤu̯
ai̯ au̯ aɯ̯

Tones (4)

˥ ˧ ˧˩ ˩˧

Notes

It's unclear whether /x/ is a phoneme or a variant of /χ/.

/ə/ almost never occurs without a coda. /ɿ/ only occurs after /tsʰ ts s z/, but contrasts with /i/.

Diphthongs can probably be analyzed as sequences of glides and vowels, but /ie/ is realized with /i/ as the main vowel.

Allophonic rules